Eurethnet Logo
Eurethnet Logo

European Information Network - Ethics in Medicine and Biotechnology

A project of the European Commission,
Quality of Life and Management of Living Resources Programme Home | News | Events | Literature | Partners | Topics | Links | ENDEBIT | EUROETHICS | Thesaurus
DRZEs Eurethnet-Home | Contact us

Bioethics Events Calendar

If you require further information, please contact the organizers directly.

Back to calendar

In Vitro Derived Human Gametes as a Reproductive Technology: Scientific, Ethical, and Regulatory Implications - Workshop - Vereinigte Staaten

Date: 19.04.2023, 09:15h to 21.04.2023, 14:30h
Location: Keck Center 500 5th St NW Washington DC 20001 USA
Washington DC
Vereinigte Staaten
Keywords: Reproduction medicine/IVF - Reproduction medicine/IVF - Medical ethics
Details: Progress in the in vitro derivation of human gametes (eggs and sperm) continues to advance. Although a number of technical gaps remain to be overcome, partial reconstitution of human gamete production has been reported for both male and female pathways. Human primordial germ cell like cells (PGCLCs) can be created from induced pluripotent stem cells, “oogonia-like” cells have been derived in culture, and limited parts of the human sperm pathway have been achieved. Laboratory studies reconstituting gamete development can advance understanding of how this process proceeds in early human development and what genes are responsible at different stages of the pathway. Were in vitro human gametes ever approved for clinical use, however, they could provide a novel option for prospective parents and significantly alter the practice of reproductive medicine. Somatic cells taken from parents theoretically could be converted to iPSCs, further differentiated into functional gametes, and these gametes used to create a human embryo through in vitro fertilization. This ability could enable couples who are not otherwise able to do so (for example because of conditions such as infertility or same-sex couples) to produce embryos that are genetically related to both parents. The ability to generate large numbers of embryos also could enable many parents who carry known disease-causing mutations to undertake highly efficient preimplantation genetic screening and establish a pregnancy only with an embryo that does not carry that mutation. The ability to genome edit in gamete precursor cells provides yet another possibility that could enable prospective parents to produce embryos without a disease-causing genome, representing a potential alternative pathway for undertaking heritable genome editing. Any use of in vitro-derived human gametes would raise important scientific, ethical, social, and regulatory issues. These are not questions that can be answered by scientific, bioethics, and regulatory communities alone– they will require broader societal engagement. In anticipation of continued research developments, however, now is the time to review the state of the science, understand what is driving progress in this area, what is likely to be achievable and what is likely not to be realistic, and recognize the urgent issues that in vitro-derived gametes could raise. A careful assessment now would provide foundational analysis to inform the development of future consultative social, legislative, or regulatory discussions.
Contact: Ashley Bologna

Webpage: Home | News | Events | Literature | Partners | Topics | Links | ENDEBIT | EUROETHICS | Thesaurus
EURETHNET site at © DRZE: last update 21.05.2008  General information Administration: